Once upon a time, it used to be a truism that Indians were crazy about everything foreign, or phoren, as it used to be spelled. Nowadays the distinction between Desi and Phoren is blurred since you can legitimately buy all kinds of foreign goods in India. Now, buying foreign stuff really means business houses buying foreign companies for billions of dollars rather than ordinary folks buying National VCRs smuggled from Singapore.
As far as investing abroad goes, the government has actually been quite liberal. It currently permits a total of two billion dollars to be invested abroad. In many ways, the increasingly permissive rules about individuals investing in foreign companies through mutual funds are a watershed in the liberalization of the Indian economy. After all, the fact that capital couldn't flow abroad was a cornerstone of the old controlled economy.
Except that no one seems to care. The response from investors has been noticeable mainly for not being there. In the last budget, the Finance Minister had raised the limit for total investments from a billion dollars to two billion dollars and yet this appears to be a meaningless gesture since the actual investments have been a tiny fraction of even the older, lower limit.
In the two years since foreign investments through mutual funds have been permitted, just two funds have been launched that can invest in foreign equities and the two have roughly Rs 400 crore invested abroad. This is less than five per cent of the permitted amount. While even this five per cent is a lot higher than it used to be, the importance of investing abroad is much higher than these numbers indicate.
Since the time that investing abroad has been permitted, the Indian stock markets have been doing better, much better than most other markets abroad. As a result, Indian investors aren't really interested in investing abroad. Therefore, the actual future relevance of foreign investing will be known only when the markets turn.
Think of a situation when the Indian stock markets are doing badly. If the Indian markets are doing badly and other markets are doing well, then I expect these two billion dollars to be exhausted overnight. Fund companies will be hawking country or region specific funds and investors will probably be clamouring for 'allotment' since there will be an upper limit for the amount of money that could be invested.
If I peek into my crystal ball, I can foresee situations where people are buying and selling ('informally', and at a premium) such future products like a SBI Magnum US Tech fund or a Prudential-ICICI China Fund. Does this sound like wild speculation? No.I think this sort of a thing is almost inevitable.
At some points when AMCs need to look at this type of fund seriously, they may well find out that their foreign investing products don't need to be exclusively foreign. I, for one, would welcome if some top-performing Indian funds could amend their offer documents and say that they could allocate investments abroad if market conditions justified it. All in all, it sounds like a very tax-efficient way to shift to a better-performing market when the need arises.
One thing is certain. Whether these things happen next year or next decade, it's going to be a whole new world for Indian mutual funds and their investors.