Tax liability: How to calculate income tax | Value Research An assessment of income tax liability comprises two stages: computation of total income and calculation of the tax payable. Find out what is your tax liability and how to calculate income tax.
Income Tax Know-how

How much is your tax liability?

An assessment of income tax liability comprises two stages: computation of total income and calculation of the tax payable

Everyone is busy finalising their tax planning for the financial year 2021-22. The next step would be to file the income tax returns before the deadline. Here is a quick guide that will help you in the process. Read on.

The income tax year or assessment year is the year in which income of the previous year is to be assessed. The financial year following a previous year is called the assessment year in relation to that previous year. Thus, the assessment year for the previous year 2021-22 is 2022-23.

An assessment of income tax liability comprises two stages: computation of total income and calculation of the tax payable.

A person's total income is divided into 5 heads of income. They are:

  • Income from salaries
  • Income from house property
  • Profit and gains of business or profession
  • Capital gains
  • Income from other sources

Plus:
Surcharge:
10 per cent of income tax where total income exceeds Rs 50 lakh but does not exceed Rs 1 crore. 15 per cent if total income exceeds Rs 1 crore but does not exceed Rs 2 crore. 25 per cent if total income exceeds Rs 2 crore but does not exceed Rs 5 crore. 37 per cent if total income exceeds Rs 5 crore.

Health and Education Cess: 4 per cent extra - charged on the amount of income tax + surcharge to be paid.

Less:
Rebate under Section 87A:
For a Resident Indian with total taxable income, i.e., income after deductions, not more than Rs 5 lakh - a total rebate amount of Rs 12,500 or 100 per cent of the income tax (whichever is lower).

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