The NAV of an ETF is not necessarily equal to its market price. But in some cases the deviation is as high as 10 per cent which can be due to variety of reasons such as low asset base and illiquidity, resulting in low trading volume
Trading inefficiency has been defined as based on number of times the fund has traded at over 2 per cent premium or discount to its NAV. ETFs with assets over
Rs 10 crore have been included; ETFs tracking indices of PSU banks and infrastructure sector have been excluded; Both NAV and close in Rupees.