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How are trail commissions calculated

Trail Commissions are calculated as a percentage of the assets under management of the distributor...

I want to know whether trail commission paid to an agent or distributor is calculated based on entry date NAV or year closing date NAV or exit date, whichever is earlier. Because in case it is calculated on year closing date NAV or exit date, then that means the trail commission is paid on the earning or increase over a period of time. What is the limit to define a fund as a debt fund and an equity fund. Debt fund invests 75 per cent of its corpus in debt instruments or 65 per cent?
-Kamal Garg

Trail Commissions are calculated on a daily basis as a percentage of the assets under management of the distributor and payable quarterly. Since these are calculated on net assets, distributors benefit from rise in his assets in the form of higher NAV of funds or sale of more units. Also, these are paid out of the expense ratio which is deducted on a daily basis.

An investor doesn’t need to worry about trail commission because these are factored in the expense ratio which is explicitly stated by all funds. These are not any hidden cost affecting your NAV.

Trail commissions from equity funds ranges between 0.20 and 1 per cent, and in debt funds it varies between 0.10 and 1 per cent.

A mutual fund distributor is paid commission as long as investor’s money is held in the fund.

Answering your next query, any fund that invests more than 65 per cent of its assets in equity is treated as an equity fund for tax purpose. Funds investing less than 65 per cent in equity are treated as debt funds.