EPF tax draws attention to annuity flaws
Even if it's rolled back, the EPF tax proposal has drawn attention to the poor quality of annuities available in India
By Dhirendra Kumar | Mar 7, 2016
Whether the EPF tax gets rolled back or not (and it looks very likely that it will), it has resulted in a lot of savers hearing the term 'annuity' for the first time. An annuity is insurance in reverse, as it's often said, 'insurance is protection against dieing too early and an annuity is protection against living too long.' Basically, you pay the insurance company a lump sum when you stop earning, and they pay you a certain sum every month, for as long as you live, or for a fixed period. There are many variations but that's the general idea.
Taken at face value, the EPF tax proposal in the budget seems designed not so much to collect revenue, but to force retirees to buy an annuity to obtain a lifetime pension. 60 per cent of EPF withdrawals gets taxed only if a retiree does not use an annuity.
There's nothing wrong with the concept itself, but there are two big practical problems, and rather big ones at that. Firstly, of course, an annuity is not a solution that should be forced upon everyone--a lot of people actually need a lump sum at retirement. The second is a bigger issue, which is that the annuities available in India appear to be suboptimal. A typical annuity will pay you about R6,000 a month for every R10 lakh you pay as premium in the beginning, with some insurers paying a bit more or a bit less. If you want your heirs to get the purchase price back when you die then you will get about 30 to 40 % less every month.
If you live for 30 years, then annuities available in India run to an effective rate of return ranging from 4% to 7%. That's just a pittance. Moreover, the same fixed sum every month every year for 30 years can hardly be called a retirement solution because the purchasing power will decline to a fraction of what it is in the beginning. IRDA and insurance companies are fine with the annuity options that are available. However, based on the ULIP experience, I think one can say with confidence that these are not organisations that will design customer-friendly products unless coerced into doing so.
If annuities are to play a useful role for Indian retirees, then the annuity marketplace will have to be cleaned up first.